What is Tuberculosis?
Tuberculosis is an infectious disease and bacterial diseases that affects the lungs and can cause death if left untreated. Commonly also known as TBC, this condition can also spread to other parts of the body, such as the spine and brain.
It´s caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It’s estimated that around 2 billion people, or a third of the people in the world, have tuberculosis.
- 1 What is Tuberculosis?
- 2 Which are the Causes of Tuberculosis?
- 3 HIV and Tubercolis
- 4 Drug-resistant Tubercolis
- 5 How is Tuberculosis transmitted?
- 6 Which are the Risk factors?
- 7 Symptoms and Side Effects of Tuberculosis?
- 8 Signs and symptoms of active Tuberculosis:
- 9 Most common tuberculosis drugs:
- 10 First of all, what is CBD?
- 11 How can CBD help with Tuberculosis?
Which are the Causes of Tuberculosis?
Tuberculosis is caused by bacterial infection that spreads from person to person through microscopic droplets released into the air. This can happen when someone with the untreated, active form of tuberculosis coughs, speaks, sneezes, spits, laughs or sings.
Although tuberculosis is contagious, it’s not easy to catch. You’re much more likely to get tuberculosis from someone you live or work with than from a stranger. Most people with active TB who’ve had appropriate drug treatment for at least two weeks are no longer contagious.
HIV and Tubercolis
Since the 1980s, tuberculosis cases have increased dramatically because of the spread of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. HIV suppresses the immune system, making it difficult for the body to control TB bacteria.
As a result, people with HIV are much more likely to get TB. And also to progress from latent to active disease than are people who aren’t HIV positive.
Tuberculosis also remains a major killer because of the increase in drug-resistant strains. Over time, some TB germs have developed the ability to survive despite medications. This is partly because people don’t take their drugs as directed or don’t complete the course of treatment.
Drug-resistant strains of tuberculosis emerge when an antibiotic fails to kill all of the bacteria it targets.
The surviving bacteria become resistant to that drug and often other antibiotics as well. Some TB bacteria have developed resistance to the most commonly used treatments, such as isoniazid and rifampin (Rifadin, Rimactane).
Some TB strains have also developed resistance to drugs less commonly used in TB treatment. Such as the antibiotics known as fluoroquinolones, and injectable medications including amikacin and capreomycin (Capastat).
These medications are often used to treat infections that are resistant to the more commonly used drugs.
How is Tuberculosis transmitted?
TBC´s spread through the air, as is the flu or the common cold. When a person with active TB sneezes, coughs, laughs, … Small particles of the bacteria can spread into the air and infect a new person by simply inhaling the bacteria. This is why tuberculosis is contagious but it is not so easy to catch. Because you will need to have close contact with a person to get sick of it.
Which are the Risk factors?
Anyone can get tuberculosis, but certain factors can increase your risk, including:
- Weakened immune system: A healthy immune system often successfully fights TB bacteria. However, several conditions and medications can weaken your immune system, including:
- Severe kidney disease.
- Certain cancers.
- Cancer treatment, such as chemotherapy.
- Drugs to prevent rejection of transplanted organs.
- Some drugs used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn’s disease and psoriasis.
- Malnutrition or low body weight.
- Very young or advanced age.
- Traveling or living in certain areas
Your risk of getting tuberculosis is higher if you live in, emigrate from or travel to areas with high tuberculosis rates. Areas include:
- Eastern Europe.
- Latin America.
Other factors that can cause you Tuberculosis:
- Using substances. IV drugs or excessive alcohol use weakens your immune system and makes you more vulnerable to tuberculosis.
- Using tobacco. Tobacco use greatly increases the risk of getting tuberculosis and dying of it.
- Working in health care. Regular contact with people who are ill increases your chances of exposure to tuberculosis bacteria. Wearing a mask and frequent hand-washing greatly reduce your risk.
- The staff living or working in a residential care facility are all at a higher risk of tuberculosis. Due to overcrowding and poor ventilation.
Symptoms and Side Effects of Tuberculosis?
Although your body can harbor the bacteria that cause tuberculosis, your immune system usually can prevent you from becoming sick. For this reason, doctors make a distinction between:
Latent tuberculosis. You have a tuberculosis infection, but the bacteria in your body are inactive and cause no symptoms. Latent tuberculosis, also called inactive tuberculosis or tuberculosis infection, isn’t contagious. Latent tuberculosis can turn into active tuberculosis, so treatment is important.
Active tuberculosis. Also called tuberculosis disease, this condition makes you sick and, in most cases, can spread to others. It can occur weeks or years after infection with the tuberculosis bacteria.
Signs and symptoms of active Tuberculosis:
- Coughing for three or more weeks.
- Coughing up blood or mucus.
- Chest pain, or pain with breathing or coughing.
- Unintentional weight loss.
- Night sweats.
- Loss of appetite.
Tuberculosis can also affect other parts of your body, including the kidneys, spine or brain. When tuberculosis occurs outside your lungs, signs and symptoms vary according to the organs involved.
For example, tuberculosis of the spine might cause back pain, and tuberculosis in your kidneys might cause blood in your urine.
Regular Treatment for Tuberculosis?
If you are a latent tuberculosis patient, you might be recommended to be treated with medication. If you’re at high risk of developing active tuberculosis.
For active tuberculosis, you must take antibiotics for at least six to nine months.
Most common tuberculosis drugs:
- Rifampin (Rifadin, Rimactane)
- Ethambutol (Myambutol)
Some drugs might be added to therapy to counter drug resistance, including:
- Bedaquiline (Sirturo)
- Linezolid (Zyvox)
First of all, what is CBD?
The CBD, which is used in medicines, is present in the cannabis plant and in hemp plants.
Canalanza obtained the purest CBD at 99.3% being one of the top ones obtaining this purity. Finca Canalanza is located in the Biosphere Nature Reserve in the Volcanic Canarian island of Lanzarote
CBD is only one component of the many components that helps the endocannabinoid system.
CBD is a non addictive component, with no side effects, which is found on the cannabis plant and hemp plants. Always is necessary a long term contract by FDA approved or an AMPS approval to produce or to sell CBD products.
In summary, CBD is a non addictive natural compound with great potential in natural and therapeutic medicine. Due to the anti-inflammatory properties it has. Today, research on the multiple benefits of CBD on improving the ailments of various diseases is encouraging.
How can CBD help with Tuberculosis?
A very long history of using cannabis in order to treat TB has been authenticated all over the world. The use of cannabis as a treatment for contagious disease has continued to this day for billions of people. Despite the fact, modern medical treatments and practices have wiped out CBD and for mycobacterium tuberculosis.
A study conducted in 1960, showed that CBD oil was successful in preventing the development of tuberculosis bacterium, as well as other pathogens.
Another report also showed that cannabinoid plays a very important part in fighting tuberculosis. It is said that cannabinoids cure the inflammatory responses of the body rather than fighting the bacteria.
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